WieliczkaKrakow is one of the oldest cities in Poland, established as a major tourist destination.

Salt Mines Wieliczka and Bochnia

Salt Mine
Salt mines major tourist destination
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Wieliczka salt mine is one of the oldest in the world .

Salt Mines Wieliczka and Bochnia

The Wieliczka salt mine reaches a depth of 327 metres and is over 300 kilometres long. The rock salt is naturally grey in various shades, not a white colour or crystalline look that many tourists may expect. The salt mine is located in the town of Wieliczka and it lies within Krakow metropolitan area. The mine was built in the 13th century, and produced table salt until 2007, due to low salt prices and mine constant flooding commercial mining was discontinued in 1996. Nowadays the salt mine is a major tourist attraction, more than 1 million people visit the salt mine annually.
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Wieliczka is a town 13km south of Krakow with population of about 20,000 people, founded in 1290. Salt were discovered around 1250 and the digging started. MinerSalt in those days was equivalent in value to gold today. In 1978 UNESCO decided to list salt mine in Wielczka as a world cultural heritage. In 1994 the city was declared a historical monument. Castles  Ruins  Pieskowa Skala  Niepolomice  Krakow Photos

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The mines attractions are statues, chapel, corridors, passages, and everything else that has been carved out of the rock salt by the miners. Only the newest sculptures are carved by artist.
Polish miner in the uniformKrakowiak

Bochnia population of 30,000 is one of the oldest cities of Poland, first known source mentioning the city is around 11th century. Bochnia Salt Mine is the oldest salt mine in the world. The mine was established in the 12th century after local people discovered salt rock vein running beneath their town. The mine measure 4,5 kilometres in length and 468 metres in depth at 16 different levels. Salt mine chambers, shafts and passages form an underground town, which is now open to tourists. The largest of the preserved cavern named “Wazyn chamber” has been converted into a sanatorium. The 290 meters deep sanatorium, with its own unique micro climate, is helping cure respiratory diseases. Nearly everything in the mines is carved out of the salt rock: chapels, chambers, statues, and so on...
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Wieliczka and Bochnia Salt Mines